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Research and Publication Ethics

Applied Microscopy covers all the interdisciplinary fields of technological developments in new microscopy methods and instrumentation and their applications to biological or materials science for determination of structure and chemistry. All manuscripts should be creative, informative, and useful for the readers to understand recent innovative developments of advanced microscopy in diverse fields and their application to the various scientific issues. Articles in the following categories will be published: Regular articles, Brief reports, Technical reports and Review articles.

All manuscripts should be written in English.

The papers will be peer-reviewed by two accredited experts in the related field. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for final decisions regarding the acceptance of a peer-reviewed paper.

For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in this instructions, International standards for editors and authors ( resources/international-standards-for-editors-andauthors) can be applied.

A. Conflict of Interest
Authors of manuscripts must disclose any potential conflicts of interest at the time of submission. Statements on conflict of interest have no influence on the editorial decision to publish.

B. Research Approval
All manuscripts dealing with human subjects must include a statement that subjects provided informed consent and that the study was approved by an institutional review board. All manuscripts containing animal experiments must include a statement that the study has been approved by an animal utilization committee or a similar committee.
Any research that involves a clinical trial should be registered with a primary national clinical trial registration site such as, or other sites accredited by the WHO or the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

C. Policy on Duplicate Publication
Submitted manuscripts must not have been previously published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere. If the editorial board is not aware of the violations and the article has already been published, then a notice about this will probably be published with or without the author's explanation or approval. And the Journal follows the COPE Flowcharts ( for resolving cases of suspected misconduct.

Four categories of the articles are published in this journal.
A. Regular article
'Regular articles' should present new findings of broad interest and describe significant and original results to be critically evaluated.

B. Brief report
'Brief reports' of exceptional interest or with novel findings will be rapidly accepted and published.

C. Technical report
'Technical reports' include brief reports of specifications or mechanical aspects of the innovative devise, evaluation of the devise, as well as the quality assurance protocols for specimen preparation. It should be original, and be of sufficiently broad interest.

D. Review article
'Review articles' report broad scientific and technical contents on recent issues on microscopy. Authors contemplating review articles are encouraged to discuss their plans with the appropriate editor.

E. Novus Imago
'Novus Imago' reports a scientifically stunning image with brief description of the image and scientific significance. This should be original and unpublished image taken by the authors. This article can be published just one-page or at most two-page form.

A. Online Submission
Manuscript submission is only available through the on-line manuscript submission center at
All manuscripts should be submitted as MS-Word files, and will be converted into PDF files on site. Authors should check converted files before fi nal submission.

B. Financial Disclosure and Copyright Transfer
All authors must sign and scan a copy of the Journal's "Copyright Transfer" form, which is available on-line on the submission page. The completed form should be submitted after the manuscript is accepted for publication.

Authors are required to submit their manuscripts after reading the instructions in the journal web site
( Any manuscript that does not conform to the following requirements will be considered inappropriate and may be returned.

A. General Requirements
Manuscripts must be submitted as MS-WORD files. The text should be typed in 12-point font and doublespaced.
Pages should be numbered from, and including, the abstract.
Measurements should be presented in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).
Abbreviations should be minimized. When necessary, Instructions for Authors spell out the full term the first time it appears in the text, add the abbreviation in parentheses, and use the abbreviation thereafter.

B. Title Page
The title page should contain the full title of the paper, the names of the authors and of the institutions, and institutional addresses. If authors are at different institutions, first present the institution where most of the work was carried out, and indicate individual departments and institutions by inserting a superscript letter immediately after the author's name, and the same letter in front of the appropriate institution. The name, address, e-mail address, telephone, and fax number of the corresponding author should be placed in the lower portion of the title page. The title should be expressed briefly, clearly, and concisely. A running title with 12 words or less should be included.

C. Abstract
Each paper should start with an abstract not exceeding 200 words. The abstract should state the background, methods, results, and conclusions in a brief and coherent manner. Relevant numerical data should be included. Under the abstract, keywords (maximum 5 words) should be listed. If same words are repeated in the abstract, the words are spell out the first time they are used, followed by the abbreviation in the parenthesis. After first mention, the abbreviation should be used. References are not allowed in the abstract.

D. Main Text
The following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Summary or Conclusions, Acknowledgments, References, tables, figure legends, figures. Sections may be subdivided to increase clarity.
Chemical names and mathematical expressions:
Chemical names and methods should be spelled out the first time they are used, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. After first mention the abbreviation may be used alone. However, the symbol of element can be used without spelling out the full name of element. SI units should be used. Mathematical expressions need to be carefully presented, with all symbols defi ned. Use a type font that clearly differentiates between zero and capital letter O. Equations containing algebraic fractions should use numerator over denominator, separated by a horizontal line, and not typed on a single line separated by a slash. Indicate vector symbols; they will be printed in bold.
References: References must be inserted in the text at the place they are used, by the author's surname and year of publication. All references included in the reference list must be cited in the text. References to personal communications, unpublished data, and manuscripts either in preparation or submitted for publication are unacceptable. If essential, such material may be incorporated in the appropriate place in the text. For references with more than two authors use the fi rst author's surname followed by "et al." and if there is more than one reference in the same year by a single author(s), use a, b. For example: (Kim, 2012); (Park & Kim, 2012); (Kim et al., 1986); (Kim, 1998a, 1998b); (Kim, 2012; Park et al., 2001). If there is a reference from the website, it should be written as (source of the reference or data base, year [Internet]) in the text
All authors must be included in the reference list; "et al." is unacceptable here. The alphabetical list of references begins a new page, and must be typed double-spaced. List works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses in chronological order, beginning with the earlier work according to the CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. Abbreviate journal names according to the ChemicalAbstracts Service Source Index (CASSI). Only published articles and articles in press should appear in this list. Responsibility for the accuracy of references cited lies with the authors. Brief examples:

Journal Articles
Chang H J, Yook W, Park E S, Kyeong J S, and Kim D H (2010) Synthesis of metallic glass composites using phase separation phenomena. Acta Mater. 58, 2483-2491.

Entire Book
Squire J (1981) The Structural Basis of Muscular Contraction (Plenum Press, New York).

Chapter in an Edited Book
Gardner R L and Papaioannou V E (1975) Differentiation in trophectoderm and inner cell mass. In: The Early Development of Mammals, ed. Balls M and Wild A E, pp. 107-132, (Cambridge University Press, Oxford).

Proceedings Paper
Causton B (1984) The choice of resins for electron immunocytochemistry. In: Immuno Labelling for Electron Microscopy, ed. Polak J M and Varndell I M, pp. 29-36, (Elsevier, Amsterdam).

Web Sites
March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center (2007) PeriStats [Internet]. Available from:
Tables: Number tables consecutively using Arabic numbers and include concise titles and column headings. Type footnotes under the tables. All tables must be cited consecutively in the text.

E. Guidelines for Figure Preparation
Figures should be professionally drawn and prepared according to the guidelines below. Symbols, letters, numbers, and scale bars should be of sufficient size to be clearly recognizable when the figure is reduced to publication size, usually one column width (84 mm). Figure captions must be double spaced and appear on a separate page in the text document. All figures must be cited in the text. Photographs in which human subjects are identifi able must be accompanied by written permission for publication.
Papers containing unclear photographic prints may be rejected.
Submit illustrations on-line in JPEG or GIFformat. Do not embed images into the text file. Figures may be halftone photographs or black on white line drawings. Color images will be accepted only when essential.
If a manuscript is accepted for publication, the journal will request high quality figures in TIFF or EPS format. When using a digital camera, set the resolution to a minimum of 300 ppi (pixels per inch), and set the size of the image to 5×7 in (127×178 mm). Color and grayscale images must have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, and line art drawings must have a minimum resolution of 1,200 dpi.
Permissions: Any illustrations previously published should be accompanied by the written consent of the copyright holder.
Printed color figures: Printed color figures: Each figure must be uploaded separately from the text document of the manuscript. The submitted color figure(s) will appear in electronic and printed versions without any charge.

8. Voluntary Page Charges
Papers selected for publication in Applied Microscopy are subject to a voluntary page charge of $40 per printed journal page to cover part of the cost of publication. After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the total amount determined by the number of printed pages as shown in the author's proof will be invoiced, through the author, to the author's company, institution, or agency. The page charges are not obligatory, and payment is not a prerequisite for publication.

Applied Microscopy publishes original research papers and reviews dealing with a broad range of topics in microscopy developments and their applications. The Journal includes articles describing new developments in microscopy method and instrumentation and their applications in the field of biological or materials science. In reviewing this manuscript please answer the following questions:
  Is this manuscript suitable for Applied Microscopy?
  Is the work presented in the article original?
  Does the abstract provide the summary of the paper?
  Are acronyms and abbreviations defined when first used?
  Are SI units used throughout the manuscript? Other units may be given in parentheses.
  Are the figures of high quality and easy to understand when read with the captions provided?
  Are references in the format described in the "GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS"?
  Is the English clear and easy to understand?
Please provide specific comments to the author(s), if you have any general opinion or negative answer for the questions listed above. The reviewer's comments are the most important part of the review process.

1. Manuscript in MS-WORD (.doc, .docx) format.
2. Double-spaced typing with 12-point font.
3. Sequence of title page, abstract and keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, summary or conclusions, acknowledgments, references, tables, and figure legends. All pages numbered consecutively, starting with the abstract.
4. Title page with article title, authors' full name(s) and affi liation(s) and address for correspondence (including telephone number, e-mail address, and fax number).
5. Abstract in structured format up to 200 words for original articles.
6. All table and figure numbers are found in the text.
7. Figures as separate files, in JPG, GIF, or PPT format.
8. References listed in proper format. All references listed in the reference section are cited in the text and vice versa.
9. Cover letter (signed by the corresponding author).

December 2018, 48 (4)
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