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Effect of Shot Peening on Microstructural Evolution of 500-7 Ductile Cast Iron
Applied Microscopy 2018;48:73-80
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Microscopy.

Yubing Zhang, Keesam Shin*

School of Advanced Materials and Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140, Korea
Correspondence to: Shin K, Tel: +82-55-213-3696 Fax: +82-55-261-7017 E-mail:
Received July 19, 2018; Revised August 27, 2018; Accepted August 28, 2018.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ductile cast iron is widely used for many automotive components due to its high wear resistance and fatigue resistance in addition to the low cost of fabrication. The improvement of wear resistance and fatigue properties is key to the life time extension and performance increase of the automobile parts. Surface nanocrystallization is a very efficient way of improving the performance of materials including the wear- and fatigue-resistance. Shot peening treatment, as one of the popular and economic surface modification methods, has been widely applied to various materials. In this study, ductile cast iron specimens were ultrasonic shot peening (USP) treated for 5 to 30 min using different ball size. The microstructures were then microscopically analyzed for determination of the microstructural evolution. After the USP treatment, the hardness of pearlite and ferrite increased, in which ball size is more effective than treatment time. With USP treatment, the graphite nodule count near the surface was decreased with grain refinement. The lager balls resulted in an increased deformation, whereas the smaller balls induced more homogenously refined grains in the deformation layer. In addition, formation of nanoparticles was formed in the surface layer upon USP.
Keywords : Ductile cast iron, Shot peening, Grain refinement, Graphite, Pearlite

September 2018, 48 (3)
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